Installing Drupal Commerce with Drupal 8/9

What is Drupal Commerce. Here are couple of websites to explain:

 

Before we begin, you should be able to use Composer as this is the default method to install Drupal core and modules for Drupal 8/9.

We will be installing a complete full installation. This is basically Drupal core with Drupal Commerce so you have a working shopping cart out of the box. This is what Drupal calls a distribution. If you already have Drupal 8/9 and want to install Drupal Commerce into your existing site, you can simply just type and run: 

composer require 'drupal/commerce:^2.23'

 This will install Drupal commerce and all its dependences into your existing site. You then just need to enable any of the commerce modules to use. But in this tutorial we will be setting up a new clean full installation. 

This tutorial installs Drupal Commerce on a VPS server with root access. You should be able to install on a test environment on your own computer, provided you have a LAMP stack or shared hosting if you want. My setup is as follows: Apache 2, PHP 7.4, MySQL 5.7.26 and Composer 2

Let's get started. First, setup a new database so we have it ready to use for Drupal Commerce. Open up a command line or terminal and navigate to your webroot directory (usually, www or htdocs). 

Type and run this command:

composer create-project drupalcommerce/project-base mystore --stability dev

 This will fetch and download all the files required for your full installation (Drupal core and Drupal Commerce). 

 

This is the list of all the dependences and libraries composer will download for you. 

Creating a "drupalcommerce/project-base" project at "./mystore"

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Created project in /Applications/MAMP/htdocs/commerce/mystore

> DrupalProject\composer\ScriptHandler::checkComposerVersion

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42 package suggestions were added by new dependencies, use `composer suggest` to see details.

Package container-interop/container-interop is abandoned, you should avoid using it. Use psr/container instead.

Package doctrine/reflection is abandoned, you should avoid using it. Use roave/better-reflection instead.

Package phpunit/php-token-stream is abandoned, you should avoid using it. No replacement was suggested.

Generating autoload files

66 packages you are using are looking for funding.

Use the `composer fund` command to find out more!

Scaffolding files for drupal/core:

  - Copy [project-root]/.editorconfig from assets/scaffold/files/editorconfig

  - Copy [project-root]/.gitattributes from assets/scaffold/files/gitattributes

  - Copy [web-root]/.csslintrc from assets/scaffold/files/csslintrc

  - Copy [web-root]/.eslintignore from assets/scaffold/files/eslintignore

  - Copy [web-root]/.eslintrc.json from assets/scaffold/files/eslintrc.json

  - Copy [web-root]/.ht.router.php from assets/scaffold/files/ht.router.php

  - Copy [web-root]/.htaccess from assets/scaffold/files/htaccess

  - Copy [web-root]/example.gitignore from assets/scaffold/files/example.gitignore

  - Copy [web-root]/index.php from assets/scaffold/files/index.php

  - Copy [web-root]/INSTALL.txt from assets/scaffold/files/drupal.INSTALL.txt

  - Copy [web-root]/README.txt from assets/scaffold/files/drupal.README.txt

  - Copy [web-root]/robots.txt from assets/scaffold/files/robots.txt

  - Copy [web-root]/update.php from assets/scaffold/files/update.php

  - Copy [web-root]/web.config from assets/scaffold/files/web.config

  - Copy [web-root]/sites/README.txt from assets/scaffold/files/sites.README.txt

  - Copy [web-root]/sites/development.services.yml from assets/scaffold/files/development.services.yml

  - Copy [web-root]/sites/example.settings.local.php from assets/scaffold/files/example.settings.local.php

  - Copy [web-root]/sites/example.sites.php from assets/scaffold/files/example.sites.php

  - Copy [web-root]/sites/default/default.services.yml from assets/scaffold/files/default.services.yml

  - Copy [web-root]/sites/default/default.settings.php from assets/scaffold/files/default.settings.php

  - Copy [web-root]/modules/README.txt from assets/scaffold/files/modules.README.txt

  - Copy [web-root]/profiles/README.txt from assets/scaffold/files/profiles.README.txt

  - Copy [web-root]/themes/README.txt from assets/scaffold/files/themes.README.txt

> DrupalProject\composer\ScriptHandler::createRequiredFiles

Created a sites/default/settings.php file with chmod 0666

Created a sites/default/files directory with chmod 0777

Do you want to remove the existing VCS (.git, .svn..) history? [Y,n]? y

Composer creates a directory we specify named 'mystore' and inside this directory we have /web directory. This directory contains all the files that are needed to serve up the site. So you will need to create a a new document root and make /mystore/web the webroot. 

If you are installing on a shared hosting server, you will not have root access to configure your Apache server to alter the document root. However, there is a workaround by using the htaccess file.

Once this is done, open up your web browser and type: [domain-name]/install.php

Note: replace [domain-name] with your own (for example: https://my-domain.com) 

Now you should be able to see the installation page. Go through each step and fill out the form to setup and install your site. 

Well done! if you get this far you have install a complete shopping cart (Drupal 8 + Drupal Commerce). 

But we are not done yet. It seems this script is a little dated so it installs Drupal 8 but we want Drupal 9. 

To do this, open up /mystore/composer.json.

delete these lines:

    "require-dev": {
        "drupal/core-dev": "^8.9.0",
        "zaporylie/composer-drupal-optimizations": "^1.1"
    },

delete all the require, then copy and paste this to replace it:

 "require": {
        "php": ">=7.1",
        "ext-curl": "*",
        "composer/installers": "^1.9",
        "cweagans/composer-patches": "^1.6.5",
        "drupal/core": "9.1.2 as 8.9.0",
        "drupal/core-composer-scaffold": "^9",
        "drupal/core-recommended": "^9",
        "drupal/commerce": "^2.0",
        "drupal/search_api": "^1.0",
        "drupal/swiftmailer": "^2.0",
        "drupal/token": "^1.0",
        "drupalcommerce/commerce_base": "dev-8.x-1.x",
        "drush/drush": "^9.7.1 | ^10.0.0",
        "oomphinc/composer-installers-extender": "^2.0",
        "webflo/drupal-finder": "^1.0.0",
        "webmozart/path-util": "^2.3",
        "zaporylie/composer-drupal-optimizations": "^1.1"
    },

Now type and run:

composer update

Once successfully upgraded to Drupal 9, the next thing to do is to run the update script in your web browser, ie, [domain-name]/update.php 

Note: If the update complains about the config setting directory, you need to delete: $config_directories['sync'] = '../config/sync'; and replace it with $settings['config_sync_directory'] = '../config/sync';

Now you can go back and run your update script (ie, https://domain-name.com/update.php)

You will have pending updates, go ahead and click update. 

Congratulations! you have completed installation and running on Drupal 9 latest version.

As a bonus, there is a demo site you can install. This can be very helpful to see how functionality and features are built out on Drupal Commerce. https://github.com/drupalcommerce/demo-project 

To install the demo version:

Type and run:

composer create-project drupalcommerce/demo-project demo-commerce --stability dev --no-interaction

You can go ahead and install Drupal Commerce via web browser. 

What you get in this demo are:

This demo version is a bit out of date so do not try and upgrade to run with Drupal 9. It will break the site unless you know how to update some of the modules to make it compatible with Drupal 9. 

There might still be some issues with this demo version but it mostly works really well. Let's hope Commerce Kickstart distribution for Drupal 9 version will be released soon.

You might also want to check out these extra modules to extend your shopping cart: http://duvien.com/blog/extra-modules-drupal-commerce-extend-drupal-89-online-stores 

 

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